CÁCH SỬ DỤNG DANH TỪ TRONG TIẾNG ANH

Nắm vững những loại trường đoản cú trong tiếng Anh là phần quan trọng đặc biệt để đặt nền tảng cho chúng ta phát triển vốn ngữ pháp của bản thân về sau. Bài xích học lúc này sẽ giúp bạn củng cố kỹ năng về danh từ cũng giống như cách sử dụng các loại danh từ trong bài bác thi IELTS như vậy nào nhằm học tập đúng hướng và hiệu quả hơn, ôn thi IELTS tốt hơn.

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Bài họcngữ pháp buộc phải chú ýkhác:

I. NOUN LÀ GÌ? VỊ TRÍ VÀ LOẠI DANH TỪ

1. Noun - Danh tự là gì?

Noun - Danh từ trong giờ Anh tương tự như với giờ đồng hồ Việt dùng để chỉ sự vật, sự việc, nhỏ người. Danh tự được thực hiện trong câu với đầy đủ vị trí không giống nhau. Danh từ chia thành 5 loại trong những số ấy có danh từ chung,danh tự riêng, danh tự trừu tượng, tập hợp với danh tự ghép.

Danh từ trong giờ đồng hồ Anh biệt lập danh từ bỏ đếm được cùng không đếm được. Rõ ràng như sau:

Countable nouns (Danh tự đếm được)

-Tồn trên ở cả 2 dạng: số ít với số các (a house, some houses). Mặc dù nhiên, có những danh tự chỉ tất cả dạng số những (socks, trousers).

- những danh từ bỏ này rất có thể được chia động tự số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The house is big.

The houses in the neighborhood are very big.

- những danh tự này hoàn toàn có thể được thay thế sửa chữa bằng đại từ bỏ số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The notebook is Jack’s. It is so beautiful!

These notebooks are Jack’s. They are so colorful!

- Dạng số ít của danh từ hoàn toàn có thể đứng sau những mạo từ bỏ a, an, the. (a bike, an apple, the tree)

Uncountable nouns (Danh từ không đếm được)

- Có một số danh từ không đếm được tất cả dạng số nhiều (maths, physics, news).

- Chỉ được phân tách động từ bỏ số ít.

E.g: The news brings sadness to lớn me và my friends.

- Chỉ rất có thể được thay thế bằng đại trường đoản cú số ít.

E.g: My most favorite subject is Physics. It is so interesting.

- Chỉ hoàn toàn có thể đo đếm qua những đơn vị đo lường ví dụ và đếm được (a bottle of water, a piece of paper, a bar of soap)

- quan yếu đứng sau những mạo từ bỏ a, an. (hair, chưa phải a hair)

2. địa chỉ trong câu

- Danh từ bỏ là chủ ngữ đứng trước hễ từ chính.

Ví dụ: Approximately 2000 people went lớn the concert.

- Danh từ bỏ là tân ngữ (direct object) lép vế động từ bỏ chính.

Ví dụ: Doing exercise brings many benefits khổng lồ our health.

- Danh từ bỏ là tân ngữ của giới từ bỏ (object of preposition) đứng trong các giới từ.

Ví dụ: Global warming has affected the lives of many people on Earth.

3. Phân nhiều loại danh từ

Trong tiếng Anh, danh từ được tạo thành 5 một số loại cơ bạn dạng như sau:

Loại danh từ

Giải thích

Ví dụ

Proper nouns

(Danh từ bỏ riêng)

Chỉ tên riêng của người, địa điểm, vật.

Paris, Gordon Ramsay, Eiffel Tower,…

Common nouns

(Danh tự chung)

Chỉ thương hiệu của một vật phổ biến chung.

Computer, food, vehicle,…

Abstract nouns

(Danh từ bỏ trừu tượng)

Chỉ đều thứ trừu tượng không nhìn thấy được bởi mắt hay nhưng có thể cảm nhấn được.

Knowledge, love, sympathy

Collective nouns

(Danh từ bỏ tập hợp)

Chỉ tên một tập hợp những cá thể không giống nhau.

Class, group, gang.

Compound nouns

(Danh tự ghép)

Là những danh tự được ghép lại với nhau để chế tác thành 1 danh từ bỏ khác.

Motorcycle, bedroom.

II. CÁCH HÌNH THÀNH DANH TỪ

1. Tạo ra danh từ bỏ từ các hậu tố

STT

Hậu tố

Danh từ

1

ant

Assist -> Assistant

2

– ance/ ence

Maintain -> Maintenance

Prefer -> Preference

3

– ion

Industrialize -> Industrialization

4

– ure

Fail -> Failure

5

– ment

Disagree -> Disagreement

6

ism

Captial -> Capitalism

7

ship

Friend -> Friendship

8

– ness

Happy -> Happiness

9

– ity/- ty/-y

Identify -> Identity

10

– th

Wide -> Width

11

– ery

Bake -> Bakery

2. Sản xuất danh thủng thẳng danh từ

(A/an/the) + Noun1 + Noun2

Noun1: Đóng vai trò như tính từ té nghĩa mang lại Noun2

Noun2: Danh tự chính

Ví dụ: The city center (Trung thực lòng phố)

A taxi driver (Người tài xế taxi)

3. Tạo danh đàng hoàng V-ing

Những danh từ gồm V-ing đứng trước thường để biểu thị mục đích sử dụng của danh từ đó.

Ví dụ: A frying pan (= a pan used for frying)

A washing machine (= a machine used for washing clothes)

4. Chế tạo ra danh ung dung số đếm (Dạng: Number + Noun + Noun)

Ví dụ: A ten-hour flight (Chuyến bay kéo dài 10 tiếng)

A seven-storey building (Tòa bên cao 7 tầng)

A four hundred-page dictionary (Quyển từ điển dày 400 trang)

A ten-year old boy (Cậu bé bỏng 10 tuổi)

Lưu ý:

Danh trường đoản cú đứng tức tốc sau số đếm và dấu gạch ốp ngang Ở DẠNG SỐ ÍT. (A ten-year old boy)

*

III. LUYỆN TẬP

Exercise 1: mang lại dạng đúng của các từ vào ngoặc ở phần đa câu dưới đây.

1. Detroit is renowned for the _____________ of car. (produce)

2. If you make a good ________________ at the interview, you will get the job. (impress)

3. The _________________ looked dark & there were hardly any other guests. (enter)

4. My history teacher has a vast ________________ of past events. (know)

5. You are never too old khổng lồ go lớn college and gain some _______________. ( qualify)

6. My greatest ________________ was graduating from university. (achieve)

7. The weatherman said there is a strong _______________ of rain today. (possible)

8. Despite her severe _________________, she fulfilled her goals in life. (disable)

9. I am really into eating dairy______________. (produce)

10. Due to lớn the pilot"s _____________, the copilot managed to lớn land safely. (guide)

Exercise 2: Chọn dạng thích hợp của danh từ trong số những chố trống sau để tạo thành một bài IELTS Writing task 2 trả chỉnh.

Some people believe that developments in the field of artificial intelligence will have a positive impact on our lives in the near future. Others, by contrast, are worried that we are not prepared for a world in which computers are more intelligent than humans. Discuss both of these views and give your own opinion.

People seem to lớn be either excited or worried about the future impact of artificial (1-intelligent)………... Personally I can understand the two (2-oppose)……….points of view; I am both fascinated by developments in artificial intelligence and apprehensive about its possible negative effects.

On the one hand, the increasing intelligence of công nghệ should bring some obvious benefits. Machines are clearly able to vị many jobs better than humans can, especially in areas that require high levels of (3-accurate)…………or calculations using large amounts of data. For example, robots are being developed that can carry out surgical procedures with greater (4-precise)………..than a human doctor, và we already have cars that use sensors và cameras to lớn drive themselves. Such technologies can improve safety by reducing the (5-likely)…………..of human errors. It is easy lớn imagine how these developments, and many others, will steadily improve our chất lượng of life.

On the other hand, I share the concerns of people who believe that artificial intelligence may harm us if we are not careful. In the short term, it is likely that we will see a rise in (6-employ)…………..as workers in various industries are replaced by machines or software programs. For example, self-driving vehicles are expected khổng lồ cause (7-redundant)…………….in driving jobs, such as lorry drivers, taxi drivers và bus drivers. In the medium term, if intelligent technologies gradually take jobs away from humans, we may find that people become deskilled và lose their sense of purpose in life. A longer term fear is that computers become so intelligent that they begin to make (8-decide)…………without human oversight and without regard for our well-being.

In conclusion, while intelligent machines will no doubt improve our lives in many ways, the potential risks of such technologies should not be ignored.

Exercise 3: Đoạn văn sau bao gồm 3 lỗi sai. Tìm cùng sửa chúng.

In many thành phố all over the world, spectacular fireworks displays take place as soon as the clock passes midnight on 31 December. In recent years, Sydney in australia has been the host to lớn one of the first of these celebrate as New Year arrives there before most other major international cities. The display takes place in Sydney Harbor, with the Opera House and Harbor Bridge making it a stunning set. Fireworks light up the skies in hundreds of cities as 12 midnight strikes around the globe.

1………………. 2………………. 3………………….

Exercise 4: nhờ vào những từ đến sẵn, hãy viết thành câu trả chỉnh.

1. The bar chart/ illustrate/ gross domestic product generated from the IT và Service Industry/the UK from 1992 to 2000. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen/ both increase/ as a percentage/ GDP, but/ IT/ remain/ at/ higher rate throughout/ time.………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. At/ beginning/ the/ period, in 1992, the Service Industry account/ for/ 4 per cent/ GDP, whereas IT exceed/ this, at just over 6 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

4. Over/ next four/ year/, the levels become/ more/ similar, with/ both/ components/ standing/ between 6 / just/ over/ 8 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. IT/ still/ higher/ overall, though it/ drop/ slightly/ 1994/ 1996.……………………………………………………………………………………….. 

Exercise 5: mỗi câu sau đựng một lỗi sai. Tìm và sửa chúng.

1. There are many dirts on the floor.…………………………………………2. We want more fuels than that.…………………………………………3. He drank two milks.…………………………………………4. Ten inks are needed for our class.…………………………………………5. He sent me many foods.…………………………………………6. Many golds are found there.…………………………………………7. He gave me a great giảm giá of troubles.…………………………………………8. Cows eat grasses.…………………………………………9. The rain has left many waters.…………………………………………10. I didn"t have many luggages.…………………………………………

Exercise 6: Chọn đáp án đúng cho từng câu sau.

1. If you want to hear the news, you can read (paper/ a paper).

2. I want to lớn write some letters but I haven"t got (a paper/ any paper) to write on.

3. I thought there was somebody in the house because there was (light/a light) on inside.

4. (Light/a light) comes from the sun.

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5. I was in a hurry this morning. I didn"t have (time/ a time) for breakfast.

6. "Did you enjoy your holiday?" - "Yes, we had (wonderful time/ a wonderful time)."

7. Sue was very helpful. She gives us some very useful (advice/advices).

8. We had (very bad weather/a very bad weather) while we were on holiday.

9. We were very unfortunate. We had (bad luck/a bad luck).

10. It"s very difficult to lớn find a (work/job) at the moment.

11. I had lớn buy (a/some) bread because I wanted lớn make some sandwiches.

12. Bad news (don"t/doesn"t) make people happy.

13. (Your hair is/ your hairs) are too long. You should have (it/them) cut.

14. Nobody was hurt in the accident but (the damage / the damages) to the oto (was/were) quite bad.

15. She gives me (a piece of advice/ an advice) about this.

Exercise 7: Điền mạo từ phù hợp vào phần đông chỗ trống sau.

(1)……………..bar chart shows the number of British people who emigrated to five destinations over (2)…………….period 2004 to lớn 2007. It is evident from the chart that throughout the period, the most popular place to move lớn was Australia.

Emigration to nước australia stood at just over 40,000 people in 2004, which was approximately 6,000 higher than for Spain, and twice as high as the other three countries. Apart from a jump to lớn around 52,000 in 2006, it remained around this màn chơi throughout the period.

(3)…………….next most popular country for Britons khổng lồ move khổng lồ was (4)………….Spain, though its popularity declined over the time frame to lớn finish at below 30,000 in 2007. Despite this, the figure was still higher than for the remaining three countries. Approximately 20,000 people emigrated to lớn New Zealand each year, while the USA fluctuated between 20-25,000 people over the period.

Although (5)………….number of visitors to France spiked khổng lồ nearly 35,000 in 2005, it was the country that was the least popular to emigrate khổng lồ at the end of the period, at just under 20,000 people.

Exercise 8: Điền mạo từ phù hợp vào nơi trống để chế tác thành một bài Writing task 2 hoàn chỉnh.

There are several reasons that are causing the environmental harms and this has become (1)………….urgent issue to discuss & bring (2)……………..solution about. The number of ever increasing cars is one of (3)…………….reasons that leads to affect the environment negatively và there are some assumptions that increasing the fuel price would solve this problem. But the reality would be different, and increased fuel price will cause lots of other problems while it would contribute very little to lớn reduce the environmental pollutions & hazards. So this can’t be the best solution in any way.

First of all, the maximum numbers of cars are owned by the rich people & fuel price would not restrain them from using the cars. The price of (4)…………..fuel, in fact, increased significantly over the past 12 years và that has done nothing to reduce the oto usages. On the contrary, the number of cars running on the roads has increased more than expected. Besides, (5)…………fuel price determines the market prices of other daily necessary products và increasing the price would only bring misery lớn the low và medium earning class population. Electronic wastages, industries, household electrical devices, deforestation, chemical wastages, unthoughtful activities of people are causing more damage khổng lồ the mother earth than the gas omission by the cars. We should focus on those aspects as well before increasing the price of fuel just based on (6)……………assumption.

The main idea of increasing the fuel price is lớn reduce (7)…………….number of cars running in the street & to restrain the car owners from using the cars less. But that would prove to be (8)………..ridiculous solution especially when oto owners are mostly high earning class and they would not bother about the fuel price.

The best solution to lớn address this utmost concerning issue is to introduce (9)…………environment friendly energy source lượt thích solar energy system, khổng lồ improve the public transportation system và train system so that people mostly use these systems instead of always using their own cars, increasing the awareness of the people so that they vày not directly contribute to harm the environment, and making strict rules so that deforestation, chemical wastages & other harmful ways of (10)……….environmental pollutions get reduced.

Exercise 9: đến dạng đúng của những từ vào ngoặc.

1. After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner - I am receiving my ________________! (citizen)

2. My father"s death left me with a great_________________ in my heart. (empty)

3. Americans fought hard to lớn earn their _________________from Britain. (free)

4. The weather ________________looks bad for a picnic--rainy and windy! (cast)

5. The new job is a ___________ for her. (promote)

6. The national ____________ in the face of danger is necessary. (solid)

7. He came first in the poetry __________. (compete)

8. After considerable ______________ they decided to lớn accept our offer.(discuss)

9. Fill in your name, address & __________ on the form. (nation)

10. Can I see your ____________card, please ? (identify)

Exercise 10: Tìm với sửa 5 lỗi không đúng trong bài viết sau để chế tạo thành một nội dung bài viết IELTS Writing task 1 hoàn chỉnh.

The line graph shows the percent of tourists khổng lồ England who visited certain Brighton attracts between 1980 & 2010. We can see that in 1980 and in 2010 the favorite attractions were the pavilion and the festival. In 1980 the least popular attraction was the pier but in 2010 this changed và the art gallery was the least popular.

During the 1980s and 1990s there was a sharpen increase in visitors lớn the pavilion from 28% to 48% và then the percentage gradually went down to lớn 31% in 2010. The trend for the art gallery was similar lớn the pavilion. Visitors increased rapidly from 22% to lớn 37% from 1980 lớn 1985 then gradually decreased to lớn less than 10% over the next twenty-five years. The amount of tourists who visited the Brighton Festival fluctuated slightly but in general remained steady at about 25%. Visitor khổng lồ the pier also fluctuated from 1980 khổng lồ 2000 then rose significantly from 12% to lớn 22% between 2000 & 2010.

Exercise 11: Dịch các câu dưới đây sang giờ Anh có áp dụng dạng Noun + Noun.

1. Tôi mới tậu một quyển trường đoản cú điển dày 500 trang.

=>________________________________________________________________

2. Chuyến cất cánh 3 giờ từ việt nam sang Singapore khiến cho cô ấy mệt nhọc mỏi.

=>________________________________________________________________

3. Tất cả một tòa nhà 9 tầng nghỉ ngơi cuối phố.

=>______________________________________________________________

4. Khách sạn 5 sao là mọi khách sạn cực kỳ sang trọng.

=>______________________________________________________________

5. Sarah gồm một cậu con trai 3 tuổi.

=>______________________________________________________________

Exercise 12: đến dạng đúng của các từ vào ngoặc để sinh sản thành một bài IELTS Speaking part 2 hoàn chỉnh.

Let me tell you about a language I’ve always wanted to lớn learn, which is (1-Russia)___________. It’s spoken in Russia, obviously, but also in many other countries which have been influenced by Russia including places lượt thích Mongolia và Kazakhstan. It’s quite a difficult language to learn because the (2-alphabetical)_____________is not the Roman one, which means that you have khổng lồ learn khổng lồ read & write from scratch, a but lượt thích studying Chinese or Japanese. Well, the reason I would lượt thích to learn Russian is that the energy (3-industrial)___________is huge & there are lots of jobs. A lot of my country’s oil and gas comes from Russia so it’s really useful khổng lồ be able to speak that language if you want to lớn work in the energy field. I have actually been to lớn Russia before so I know from experience that a lot of Russians can’t speak English very well, so that’s another good (4-reasonable)__________to learn their language. The only (5-problematic)____________ is I’m already thirty years old & I’ve spent more than fifteen years learning English. I don’t know if I would ever be able to learn Russian successfully because it’s a difficult language for anyone to lớn learn, especially someone older like me. But it would be really great khổng lồ try.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. Exercise 1

1. Production2. Impression3. Entrance4. Knowledge5. Qualifications6. Achievement7. Possibility8. Disability9. Products10. Guidance

Exercise 2

1. Intelligence2. Opposing3. Accuracy4. Precision5. Likelihood6. Unemployment7. Redundancies8. Decisions

Exercise 3

1. City => cities2. Celebrate => celebrations3. Phối => setting

Exercise 4

1. The bar chart illustrates the gross domestic sản phẩm generated from the IT và Service Industry in the UK from 1992 to 2000.

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen that both increased as a percentage of GDP, but IT remained at a higher rate throughout this time.

3. At the beginning of the period, in 1992, the Service Industry accounted for 4 per cent of GDP, whereas IT exceeded this, at just over 6 per cent.

4. Over the next four years, the levels became more similar, with both components standing between 6 and just over 8 per cent.

5. IT was still higher overall, though it dropped slightly from 1994 khổng lồ 1996.

Exercise5

1. There are many dirts on the floor. => There is a lot of dirt on the floor.

2. We want more fuels than that. => We want more fuel than that.

3. He drank two milks. => He drank two bottles of milk.

4. Ten inks are needed for our class. => Ten bottles of ink are…

5. He sent me many foods. => He sent me a lot of food.

6. Many golds are found there. => A lot of gold is found there.

7. He gave me a great deal of troubles. => He gave me a number of troubles.

8. Cows eat grasses. => Cows eat grass.

9. The rain has left many waters. => The rain has left a lot of water.

10. I didn"t have many luggages. => I didn’t have much luggage.

Exercise6

1. A paper2. Any paper3. Light4. Light5. Time6. A wonderful time7. Advice8. Very bad weather9. Bad luck10. Job11. Some12. Doesn"t13. Your hair; it14. The damage; was15. A piece of advice

Exercise7

1. The2. The 3. The4. X5. The

Exercise8

1. An 2. A 3. The 4. X 5.the6. An 7. The 8. A 9. An 10. X

Exercise9

1. Citizenship2. Emptiness3. Freedom4. Forecast5. Promotion6. Solidarity7. Competition 8. Discussion9. Nationality10. Identity

Exercise10

1. Percent => percentage2. Attracts => attractions 3. Sharpen => sharp 4. Amount => number 5. Visitor => Visitors

Exercise11

1. I have just bought a 500-page dictionary.2. The three-hour flight from Vietnam lớn Singapore made her tired/ exhausted. 3. There is a nine-storey building at the corner of the street. 4. Five-star hotels are very luxurious. 5. Sarah has a three-year-old son.

Exercise12

1-Russian 2-alphabet3-industry 4-reason5-problem

Trên đó là bài học và bài bác tập về danh từ, bí quyết sử dụng những loại danh tự trong giờ Anh và vận dụng bài thi IELTS của mình. Chúng ta hãy ghi ghi nhớ để dành được nền tảng vững chắc cho loài kiến thức của chính bản thân mình nhé!